24 Then they summoned72 the man who used to be blind73 a second time and said to him, “Promise before God to tell the truth.74 We know that this man75 is a sinner.” 25 He replied,76 “I do not know whether he is a sinner. I do know one thing – that although I was blind, now I can see.” 26 Then they said to him, “What did he do to you? How did he cause you to see?”77 27 He answered,78 “I told you already and you didn’t listen.79 Why do you want to hear it80 again? You people81 don’t want to become his disciples too, do you?”
28 They82 heaped insults83 on him, saying,84 “You are his disciple!85 We are disciples of Moses! 29 We know that God has spoken to Moses! We do not know where this man86 comes from!” 30 The man replied,87 “This is a remarkable thing,88 that you don’t know where he comes from, and yet he caused me to see!89 31 We know that God doesn’t listen to90 sinners, but if anyone is devout91 and does his will, God92 listens to93 him.94 32 Never before95 has anyone heard of someone causing a man born blind to see.96 33 If this man97 were not from God, he could do nothing.” 34 They replied,98 “You were born completely in sinfulness,99 and yet you presume to teach us?”100 So they threw him out.
The Man’s Response to Jesus
35 Jesus heard that they had thrown him out, so he found the man101 and said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”102 36 The man103 replied,104 “And who is he, sir, that105 I may believe in him?” 37 Jesus told him, “You have seen him; he106 is the one speaking with you.”107 38 [He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him.108 39 Jesus109 said,]110 “For judgment I have come into this world, so that those who do not see may gain their sight,111 and the ones who see may become blind.”
40 Some of the Pharisees112 who were with him heard this113 and asked him,114 “We are not blind too, are we?”115 41 Jesus replied,116 “If you were blind, you would not be guilty of sin,117 but now because you claim that you can see,118 your guilt119 remains.”120
Jesus as the Good Shepherd
10 “I tell you the solemn truth,1 the one who does not enter the sheepfold2 by the door,3 but climbs in some other way, is a thief and a robber. 2 The one who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. 3 The doorkeeper4 opens the door5 for him,6 and the sheep hear his voice. He7 calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.8 4 When he has brought all his own sheep9 out, he goes ahead of them, and the sheep follow him because they recognize10 his voice. 5 They will never follow a stranger,11 but will run away from him, because they do not recognize12 the stranger’s voice.”13 6 Jesus told them this parable,14 but they15 did not understand16 what he was saying to them.
7 So Jesus said to them again, “I tell you the solemn truth,17 I am the door for the sheep.18 8 All who came before me were19 thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them.20 9 I am the door. If anyone enters through me, he will be saved, and will come in and go out,21 and find pasture.22 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill23 and destroy; I have come so that they may have life, and may have it abundantly.24
11 “I am the good25 shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life26 for the sheep. 12 The hired hand,27 who is not a shepherd and does not own sheep, sees the wolf coming and abandons28 the sheep and runs away.29 So the wolf attacks30 the sheep and scatters them. 13 Because he is a hired hand and is not concerned about the sheep,31 he runs away.32
14 “I am the good shepherd. I33 know my own34 and my own know me – 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father – and I lay down my life35 for36 the sheep. 16 I have37 other sheep that do not come from38 this sheepfold.39 I must bring them too, and they will listen to my voice,40 so that41 there will be one flock and42 one shepherd. 17 This is why the Father loves me43 – because I lay down my life,44 so that I may take it back again. 18 No one takes it away from me, but I lay it down45 of my own free will.46 I have the authority47 to lay it down, and I have the authority48 to take it back again. This commandment49 I received from my Father.”
19 Another sharp division took place among the Jewish people50 because of these words. 20 Many of them were saying, “He is possessed by a demon and has lost his mind!51 Why do you listen to him?” 21 Others said, “These are not the words52 of someone possessed by a demon. A demon cannot cause the blind to see,53 can it?”54
Jesus at the Feast of Dedication
22 Then came the feast of the Dedication55 in Jerusalem.56 23 It was winter,57 and Jesus was walking in the temple area58 in Solomon’s Portico.59 24 The Jewish leaders60 surrounded him and asked,61 “How long will you keep us in suspense?62 If you are the Christ,63 tell us plainly.”64 25 Jesus replied,65 “I told you and you do not believe. The deeds66 I do in my Father’s name testify about me. 26 But you refuse to believe because you are not my sheep. 27 My sheep listen to my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give67 them eternal life, and they will never perish;68 no one will snatch69 them from my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all,70 and no one can snatch71 them from my Father’s hand. 30 The Father and I72 are one.”73
31 The Jewish leaders74 picked up rocks again to stone him to death. 32 Jesus said to them,75 “I have shown you many good deeds76 from the Father. For which one of them are you going to stone me?” 33 The Jewish leaders77 replied,78 “We are not going to stone you for a good deed79 but for blasphemy,80 because81 you, a man, are claiming to be God.”82
34 Jesus answered,83 “Is it not written in your law, ‘I said, you are gods’?84 35 If those people to whom the word of God came were called ‘gods’ (and the scripture cannot be broken),85 36 do you say about the one whom the Father set apart86 and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? 37 If I do not perform87 the deeds88 of my Father, do not believe me. 38 But if I do them, even if you do not believe me, believe the deeds,89 so that you may come to know90 and understand that I am in the Father and the Father is in me.” 39 Then91 they attempted92 again to seize him, but he escaped their clutches.93
40 Jesus94 went back across the Jordan River95 again to the place where John96 had been baptizing at an earlier time,97 and he stayed there. 41 Many98 came to him and began to say, “John99 performed100 no miraculous sign, but everything John said about this man101 was true!” 42 And many believed in Jesus102 there.
The Death of Lazarus
11 Now a certain man named Lazarus was sick. He was from Bethany, the village where Mary and her sister Martha lived.1 2 (Now it was Mary who anointed the Lord with perfumed oil2 and wiped his feet dry with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)3 3 So the sisters sent a message4 to Jesus,5 “Lord, look, the one you love is sick.” 4 When Jesus heard this, he said, “This sickness will not lead to death,6 but to God’s glory,7 so that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”8 5 (Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.)9
6 So when he heard that Lazarus10 was sick, he remained in the place where he was for two more days. 7 Then after this, he said to his disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.”11 8 The disciples replied,12 “Rabbi, the Jewish leaders13 were just now trying14 to stone you to death! Are15 you going there again?” 9 Jesus replied,16 “Are there not twelve hours in a day? If anyone walks around in the daytime, he does not stumble,17 because he sees the light of this world.18 10 But if anyone walks around at night,19 he stumbles,20 because the light is not in him.”
11 After he said this, he added,21 “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep.22 But I am going there to awaken him.” 12 Then the disciples replied,23 “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.” 13 (Now Jesus had been talking about24 his death, but they25 thought he had been talking about real sleep.)26
14 Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, 15 and I am glad27 for your sake that I was not there, so that you may believe.28 But let us go to him.” 16 So Thomas (called Didymus29)30 said to his fellow disciples, “Let us go too, so that we may die with him.”31
Speaking with Martha and Mary
17 When32 Jesus arrived,33 he found that Lazarus34 had been in the tomb four days already.35 18 (Now Bethany was less than two miles36 from Jerusalem,37 19 so many of the Jewish people of the region38 had come to Martha and Mary to console them39 over the loss of their brother.)40 20 So when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him, but Mary was sitting in the house.41 21 Martha42 said to Jesus, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will grant43 you.”44
23 Jesus replied,45 “Your brother will come back to life again.”46 24 Martha said,47 “I know that he will come back to life again48 in the resurrection at the last day.” 25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live49 even if he dies, 26 and the one who lives and believes in me will never die.50 Do you believe this?” 27 She replied,51 “Yes, Lord, I believe52 that you are the Christ,53 the Son of God who comes into the world.”54
28 And when she had said this, Martha55 went and called her sister Mary, saying privately,56 “The Teacher is here and is asking for you.”57 29 So when Mary58 heard this, she got up quickly and went to him. 30 (Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was still in the place where Martha had come out to meet him.) 31 Then the people59 who were with Mary60 in the house consoling her saw her61 get up quickly and go out. They followed her, because they thought she was going to the tomb to weep62 there.
32 Now when Mary came to the place where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet and said to him, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.” 33 When Jesus saw her weeping, and the people63 who had come with her weeping, he was intensely moved64 in spirit and greatly distressed.65 34 He asked,66 “Where have you laid him?”67 They replied,68 “Lord, come and see.” 35 Jesus wept.69 36 Thus the people who had come to mourn70 said, “Look how much he loved him!” 37 But some of them said, “This is the man who caused the blind man to see!71 Couldn’t he have done something to keep Lazarus72 from dying?”
Lazarus Raised from the Dead
38 Jesus, intensely moved73 again, came to the tomb. (Now it was a cave, and a stone was placed across it.)74 39 Jesus said, “Take away the stone.”75 Martha, the sister of the deceased,76 replied, “Lord, by this time the body will have a bad smell,77 because he has been buried78 four days.”79 40 Jesus responded,80 “Didn’t I tell you that if you believe, you would see the glory of God?” 41 So they took away81 the stone. Jesus looked upward82 and said, “Father, I thank you that you have listened to me.83 42 I knew that you always listen to me,84 but I said this85 for the sake of the crowd standing around here, that they may believe that you sent me.” 43 When86 he had said this, he shouted in a loud voice,87 “Lazarus, come out!” 44 The one who had died came out, his feet and hands tied up with strips of cloth,88 and a cloth wrapped around his face.89 Jesus said to them, “Unwrap him90 and let him go.”
The Response of the Jewish Leaders
45 Then many of the people,91 who had come with Mary and had seen the things Jesus92 did, believed in him. 46 But some of them went to the Pharisees93 and reported to them94 what Jesus had done. 47 So the chief priests and the Pharisees95 called the council96 together and said, “What are we doing? For this man is performing many miraculous signs. 48 If we allow him to go on in this way,97 everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and take away our sanctuary98 and our nation.”
49 Then one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said,99 “You know nothing at all! 50 You do not realize100 that it is more to your advantage to have one man101 die for the people than for the whole nation to perish.”102 51 (Now he did not say this on his own,103 but because he was high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the Jewish nation,104 52 and not for the Jewish nation105 only,106 but to gather together107 into one the children of God who are scattered.)108 53 So from that day they planned together to kill him.
54 Thus Jesus no longer went109 around publicly110 among the Judeans,111 but went away from there to the region near the wilderness, to a town called Ephraim,112 and stayed there with his disciples. 55 Now the Jewish feast of Passover113 was near, and many people went up to Jerusalem114 from the rural areas before the Passover to cleanse themselves ritually.115 56 Thus they were looking for Jesus,116 and saying to one another as they stood in the temple courts,117 “What do you think? That he won’t come to the feast?” 57 (Now the chief priests and the Pharisees118 had given orders that anyone who knew where Jesus119 was should report it, so that they could arrest120 him.)121
12 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom he1 had raised from the dead. 2 So they prepared a dinner for Jesus2 there. Martha3 was serving, and Lazarus was among those present at the table4 with him. 3 Then Mary took three quarters of a pound5 of expensive aromatic oil from pure nard6 and anointed the feet of Jesus. She7 then wiped his feet dry with her hair. (Now the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfumed oil.)8 4 But Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples (the one who was going to betray him)9 said, 5 “Why wasn’t this oil sold for three hundred silver coins10 and the money11 given to the poor?” 6 (Now Judas12 said this not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a thief. As keeper of the money box,13 he used to steal what was put into it.)14 7 So Jesus said, “Leave her alone. She has kept it for the day of my burial.15 8 For you will always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me!”16
9 Now a large crowd of Judeans17 learned18 that Jesus19 was there, and so they came not only because of him20 but also to see Lazarus whom he had raised from the dead. 10 So the chief priests planned to kill Lazarus too,21 11 for on account of him many of the Jewish people from Jerusalem22 were going away and believing in Jesus.
The Triumphal Entry
12 The next day the large crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem.23 13 So they took branches of palm trees24 and went out to meet him. They began to shout,25 “Hosanna!26 Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!27 Blessed is28 the king of Israel!” 14 Jesus found a young donkey29 and sat on it, just as it is written, 15 “Do not be afraid, people of Zion;30 look, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt!”31 16 (His disciples did not understand these things when they first happened,32 but when Jesus was glorified,33 then they remembered that these things were written about him and that these things had happened34 to him.)35
17 So the crowd who had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead were continuing to testify about it.36 18 Because they had heard that Jesus37 had performed this miraculous sign, the crowd went out to meet him. 19 Thus the Pharisees38 said to one another, “You see that you can do nothing. Look, the world has run off after him!”
20 Now some Greeks39 were among those who had gone up to worship at the feast. 21 So these approached Philip,40 who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and requested,41 “Sir, we would like to see Jesus.” 22 Philip went and told Andrew, and they both42 went and told Jesus. 23 Jesus replied,43 “The time44 has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.45 24 I tell you the solemn truth,46 unless a kernel of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains by itself alone.47 But if it dies, it produces48 much grain.49 25 The one who loves his life50 destroys51 it, and the one who hates his life in this world guards52 it for eternal life. 26 If anyone wants to serve me, he must follow53 me, and where I am, my servant will be too.54 If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him.
27 “Now my soul is greatly distressed. And what should I say? ‘Father, deliver me55 from this hour’?56 No, but for this very reason I have come to this hour.57 28 Father, glorify your name.” Then a voice came from heaven,58 “I have glorified it,59 and I will glorify it60 again.” 29 The crowd that stood there and heard the voice61 said that it had thundered. Others said that an angel had spoken to him.62 30 Jesus said,63 “This voice has not come for my benefit64 but for yours. 31 Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world65 will be driven out.66 32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people67 to myself.” 33 (Now he said this to indicate clearly what kind of death he was going to die.)68
34 Then the crowd responded,69 “We have heard from the law that the Christ70will remain forever.71 How72 can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?” 35 Jesus replied,73 “The light is with you for a little while longer.74 Walk while you have the light, so that the darkness may not overtake you.75 The one who walks in the darkness does not know where he is going. 36 While you have the light, believe in the light, so that you may become sons of light.”76 When Jesus had said these things, he went away and hid himself from them.
The Outcome of Jesus’ Public Ministry Foretold
37 Although Jesus77 had performed78 so many miraculous signs before them, they still refused to believe in him, 38 so that the word79 of Isaiah the prophet would be fulfilled. He said,80 “Lord, who has believed our message, and to whom has the arm of the Lord81been revealed?”82 39 For this reason they could not believe,83 because again Isaiah said,